Acoustic Fluid Logger III
Traditional Strip-Chart Recorder
Shoot fluid levels on oil and gas wells, with no computer required. The Acoustic Fluid Logger III from Sage Technologies is a good option for situations where weather, location or personnel situations make computer use difficult.
Fluid level echoes and collars are printed on a paper tape strip chart. Precision one-second timing marks are displayed on tape, which aids in fluid level calculation.
Using compressed mode shortens the fluid tapes to up to one-eighth original size, and keeps the one-second timing marks. Compressed tapes are easier to handle in the field, while offering a condensed view of events inside the wellbore.
Seven different gain settings are gathered by the AFL III each time the operator shoots a fluid level. This allows the operator to print up to seven fluid level tapes with different amplifications of the fluid level signal, without reshooting the gas gun.
The multichannel filter in the Acoustic Fluid Logger III increases the signal amplification, which increases the AFL III’s ability to pinpoint the fluid level. When this signal amplification is combined with the compressed mode feature, which produces a shorter tape, it makes for easy visual recognition of the fluid level.
7 Amplications for the Fluid Level
When shooting a fluid level, this is the initial tape presented by the Acoustic Fluid Logger III: the square root of amplitude plot.
Square Root of Amplitude
Using the Gain Settings
the Fluid Level
with the AFL III
Change Gain Settings to find different magnifications of the plot. Once you have determined the proper gain setting for a well, you can specify that gain using the keypad, so that it will be the first tape printed.
To Print with a Gain Setting:
Select the gain number desired
Then press the Print button, (such as 1 Print, 2 Print, 3 Print, 4 Print, 5 Print, 6 Print)
Gain Settings 1 through 6: Reprinting the same fluid shot at various gain settings.
Example Fluid Tapes:
Gain Setting 1: 1 Print
Gain Setting 2: 2 Print
Gain Setting 3: 3 Print
Gain Setting 4: 4 Print
Gain Setting 5: 5 Print
Gain Setting 6: 6 Print
Fluid Level Testing: How It Works
The Acoustic Fluid Logger III identifies the distance to the liquid level in the casing annulus of a well by using the Pressure Pulse Gas Gun to send a compressed CO2 gas pulse down the annulus.
The compressed gas pulse travels down the wellbore, until it reaches the fluid in the well; the compressed gas pulse then bounces back from the fluid and the echo returns to the surface.
A microphone inside the gas gun registers the returning echoes from the collars and the fluid, and delivers the signal to the logger via a microphone cable. A microprocessor in the logger uses an analog to digital converter to gather all reflections from the collars and the fluid, and then to plot them on thermal paper tape.
The AFL III prints a graphic image of the events in the wellbore, registering the casing joints and collars as small bounces or echoes on the fluid level tape, and registering the fluid in the wellbore as the biggest kick on the tape.
the Depth to Fluid
Counting the tubing collars between the gas shot and the fluid level kick determines the distance to the fluid.
Eleven-point dividers are included with the Acoustic Fluid Logger III system to aid in fluid level calculation.
Starting from the point where the fluid level shot is taken, the dividers are expanded to the point where each tip of the divider roughly meets a peak (representing a well collar) on the echo trace.
The collars can then be marked and counted quickly by tens, and then counted individually to the exact fluid level.
Multiplying the collar count by the known joint length in the well determines the distance to the fluid.
So, in this example, 65 joints to fluid, multiplied by the joint length of 30 feet per joint, equals 1950 feet to fluid.